What is a stainless-steel elbow?

A stainless-steel elbow is installed between two pipes or tubes to allow a change of direction. 90° elbow or 45° elbow are normal angels, but there are other angels like 22.5°.

The material is the most different between stainless-steel elbow and carbon steel elbow. According to the standard, the elbow standard is divided into AS (Australian standard), DIN (German standard), JIS (Japanese standard), ASTM, etc.

Butt, thread and socket welding are customary machined ends, corresponding to different environmental needs.

GI pipe fittings malaysia are categorized by design. The radius of the large radius elbow is 1.5 times the diameter of the pipe, the short is the same radius as that of the pipe. Others, such as the radius of 90 degree, 60 degree, and 45 degree elbows are also equal to the diameter of the pipe.

90 degree elbows are also called 90 elbows or quarter elbows.

What is the distinction between a steel elbow and a pipe elbow? Steel elbows and steel elbows are both popular pipe fittings for changing the flow direction in piping systems. Elbow pipe refers to a processing method, as well as pipe fittings for connection. It entails bending a straight pipe using a processing procedure in order to change the direction of the pipeline’s flow. Pipe bending refers to both the production process and the finished product.

Welded and seamless elbows are available. Small and medium sizes are usually seamless, but larger sizes are welded using spiral welding techniques. They are sometimes interchangeable, but they are not the same. What’s the difference between a pipe elbow and a steel elbow, exactly?

GI pipe fittings malaysia

1. Different industrial specification.

Pipe elbows are industry standard and have limitations on size, material, test, bend radius and angle. Pipe elbows are non-standard fittings and usually custom-made to meet the needs of the pipe. Special size requires manufacturing and processing requirements, some can be made in the factory processing, so sometimes there is the problem of uneven thickness.

2. Different manufacturing process.

Seamless pipe elbow using the manufacturing process such as hot push, cold push, hot press and other methods. The pipe bending is medium frequency bending, hot thrust and CNC bending. When the elbows used for pressure purposes, the carbon steel tubes and alloy steel tubes adopted the process of cold pushing and cold pushing of stainless steel. .

3. The bend has a greater radius than the elbows.

The curvatures have a radius of curvature greater than twice the diameter. Elbows typically have a radius of curvature between one and two times the diameter of the pipe. The radius of the bend is the specified value. For example, the long radius of 10 “elbows is 381mm and the short radius is 254mm. However, 10” tube can be used as long as R≥3D as long as the pipe is long enough. For example, 3D10 “R is 762mm. As long as the current working condition allows, 800mm 1000mm 1005mm is achievable

4. The elbow is cheaper than the elbow.

Due to the different manufacturing methods, the pipe elbows are custom made and require antiseptic treatment, thus leading to a long ordering cycle. Pipe bend is fabricated directly on the job site, reducing transportation and time costs

5. The mechanical strength of the elbow is greater than that of the elbow per unit area.

Different radii and the bending and bending manufacturing process have differences in strength. In a practical application, to prevent the scouring force of the fluid on the bending section, the thick wall elbow can be selected, or the large radius elbow can be adopted to reduce the washing force.

More articles like this here.


Is Shopping A Pleasure or A Must?

Shopping. Buying. Picking things up. Ugh, hearing those words excites me. It is such a joyful thing to do. Walking around all day long while grabbing some coffees and pastry and then stopping at some boutiques are one of the days that I am looking forward to. However, it got me thinking. Is it a must or a need? “Yes I need to buy some things because I ran out of milk and sugar” but then you came home with Zara and Ikea shopping bags? Ops?!

Shopping using judi casino online malaysia

People with shopping addiction may be addicted to certain things, such as clothes or jewelry. Some may also be interested in buying beauty products, stocks or real estate. A person’s financial status can set the tone of the items that they will buy. Typically, the richer you are, you are more vulnerable to shopping addiction. The options are limitless.

Our brain loves shopping because it is a reward. We crave for more because we think we deserve more and more reward day by day. Shopping addiction might be a tool for people who are battling stress. They are using it for an escape. How to differentiate shopping addicts or those who buy in moderation? Easy. Individuals with addiction tend to seek shopping as a treatment. They will fill their time with shopping. Then, they also tend to feel like they have no control over the habit even though eventually they will face financial issues, relationship problems as well as other problems. 

A person with a shopping addiction may done some of these:

  • shop to cope with stress
  • feel intense excitement after making purchases
  • Buy unnecessary items or unneeded items
  • Feel little regret or remorse after spending much money 
  • Feel uneasy or sad if haven’t gone for a shopping spree in a while
  • Willing to sacrifice something just for the sake of shopping
  • Desire to buy things online or in-shop
  • Have mood swings when can’t purchase anything
  • buy things you don’t need even if when you can’t afford it
judi casino online malaysia

If you commit some of the actions above, you may treat shopping as a pleasure. Shopping addiction is harmful. It is comparable to any other addiction. Don’t treat this matter lightly. People with shopping addictions tend to be more materialistic than other shoppers. They would also try to treat themselves with expensive stuff by seeking status through material objects, and seeking approval from others. They engage in fantasy more than anyone else. This situation acts as if shopping is an ecstasy for them. 

In a nutshell, it is not wrong to shop. Don’t jeopardize your financial status. If you are looking for ways to increase your income, you can try judi online malaysia or online casino. You could also try looking for other ways to improve your financial status. Things will go south if you are not careful while shopping. Make sure to buy things according to needs and not lust.


Sleepover Activities That You Can Do With Your Friends

Having a sleepover part with your girlfriends is always a great way to bond and make memories with them. Just you and your girlfriends hanging around wearing your pajamas and snacking to a bunch of unhealthy snacks. It’s every girl’s dream to have a sleepover party with their favorite girlfriends. Here are some activities ideas that you can do during a sleepover party with your girlfriends. 

sign up on their website

Binge-Watching Movies 

A sleepover party is not complete without watching a movie. Instead of watching one movie, you can spend all night binge-watching on movies that you’ve never seen. It can be horror movies, psychological movies, or some classic romantic comedy movies to watch with your friends. Make sure that you are stock up with snacks for this sleepover party. 

Play A Game 

It is always fun to play a game with your friends whether it is a board game like Monopoly or Twister or maybe some physical game like Wi Games. You can do a competition and the loser have to grant a wish for the winner and you can also play online casino games with your friends while wearing comfortable clothes. All you need to do is sign up on their website and you can play it all night long. 

Fashion Show 

Bring all of your favorite clothes, dresses, and skirts. Make an outfit for each other and take a picture with polaroids to keep them as a fond memory. Trust me, changing outfits and walking around as if you are on a runway with your best friends is one of the most fun activities you can do. 


Baking alone or baking with your girlfriends? I’ll definitely choose baking with my girlfriends. You can bake simple brownies to eat together with your friends or you can just do a simple strawberry dip in chocolates. It doesn’t have to be anything fancy, as long as you enjoy doing those activities with your friends. 

Truth or Dare 

Any party will not be a party without the classic game of truth or dare. Surrounded by your closest girlfriends, this is the time for you guys to know each other’s deepest secret and make each other do fun dares. It’ll be a simple activity but you will enjoy your time and you guys or should I said you gals will be laughing so hard. 

DIY Activities 

Making DIY stuff is always fun. Whether it is a tie-dye shirt or a scrapbook, it is a great way to kill time and make something that will look like a fun memory between you and your friends. Maybe for your next sleepover party, you can do any DIY activities with your best friends and make something that you guys enjoy. 


Every girl loves to sing their lungs out to any song. Instead of spending money going on a karaoke where you have limited time, buy a mini speaker and microphones to have a karaoke session with your friends all night long. You can sing till your voice turn horse and nobody will tell you to shut up. 


The Role of Terpenes in Sense of Smell


It has been observed by the experts that terpenes have a very significant role in prevailing psychological effects on our mind and mood. linalool and limonene which are found in citrus essential oil is very influential in terpenes. 

Limonene and Linalool Compounds

These compounds, limonene, and linalool create exceptional psychological effects on the mind or body. This thing shows that these compounds are very dominant in relieving pain and stress and keeping us calm. The terpenes are very effective in making us healthy and smart psychologically. that linalool-rich strains are likely to have a calming effect and to provide pain relief, while limonene-rich strains are likely to be mood-elevating

Terpenes are the organic compounds responsible for creating the unique aroma of each individual cannabis plant. Terpenes do more than determine the scent fingerprint, they also provide therapeutic benefits like their cannabinoid partners, THC and CBD. … Terpenes can also modify how much of each cannabinoid is absorbed. 

Terpenes Effects On Our Body

It has been proved by the experts that terpenes affect our mental activity and body. It also has been suggested by the experts that terpenes directly have an impact on our body and mind, particularly for linalool and limonene. This means that linalool-rich strains are likely to have a calming effect, and to provide pain relief, while limonene-rich strains are likely to be mood-elevating In the terpenes, monoterpenes are the most abundant molecules of the essential oils (about 90%) with a great variety of structures. Geraniol/nerol, linalool, citronellol, citronellal, and citral are the most important terpenes and are widely used in the perfume industries. 

Aromatic Plants 

Aromatherapy is a very natural remedy for psychological disorders. It is very effective for healing stress, mood disorder, and unknown fears. In aromatherapy, the plants that are used in aromatherapy are bergamot, caraway, eucalyptus, geranium, juniper, lavender, lemon, lemongrass, mint, orange, peppermint, pine, rosemary, sage, tea tree, thyme and ylang-ylang have been used to cure a variety of physical and psychological disorders. These plants contain various bioactive monoterpene and sesquiterpene components along with other aromatic components. The above mentioned are some of the important essential oil-bearing plants with their major bioactive components. 

Group Of Perfume Fragrances

The sources of fragrance are plants and macrocyclic. Some of the fragrance components from animal origins such as macrocyclic ketones and esters as well as aromatic nitro compounds and polycyclic aromatics which are called a group of musk fragrances are also widely used in the perfume industries. The natural fragrances from plants and animals were mostly used until the end of the 19th century. At present, synthetic fragrances are increasingly applied due to the constant and reproducible quality over natural fragrances. Apart from perfumes, candles are also made by such perfumes. These perfumes make up appealing scented candles.


Terpenes are very important and significant in the process of smell. A good smell can heal our stress and unknown fears. The impressive, are a good source of aroma for your home.

Interested to read more? Click here!


How To Get Extra Money As University Students

As students, we all know what our daily struggles are. First, we have a lot of subjects to study for classes and examinations to ace. The extreme pressure encircling the education institution has caused students to be on their tiptoes every time they are learning. Not only that, students all across the world have to think of how to get by daily with the money they have. A lot of them are depending hugely and heavily on the student loan they applied mostly before they start their semesters. It is not saying that the financial help is not enough but many of them have other commitments to use the money for and one of them includes the university’s fee. Because of this, their financial amount is reduced.

Students and people in their youths would go for extra measures to make sure they get what they want. Their perseverance is what differentiates them all from the other older generations. There are many ideas that students have come up with in order to get more money to get on with living. The first thing that many people can venture into, not only limited to students is to engage in a preloved business. This type of business is known widely to be selling secondhand and hand-me-down pieces of stuff to other people who would need it more and make use of it. Some examples that you can try collecting and scavenging from your old self-collection are used books, clothes, accessories, smartphones and other things that are highly sought after. Also, you have to keep in mind that these things should at least be in acceptable and usable condition. 

Another field that students are now starting to fill in for better and stable side income is the multi-level marketing field. There are so many interesting products that are introduced to the markets. This marketing strategy is super amazing because a lot of people who are into the products will join in the membership and become an agent. This will help the industry to grow wider and to reach more groups of people. The more people you can scout, the more incentive you will be receiving monthly. You can try this out by putting up a website or you can hire one from mlm software malaysia as the first step into this. After you are done with setting up a web page where you can post your products frequently, you are good to go for the next step. 

Another business that students are circling around right now is the baking industry. A lot of them have hidden talents in baking and cooking. These creative-minded generation is able to create one of a kind cake design and the yummiest bakes ever. They can sell this around the campus and to their close friends to get money for things. 

There are so many businesses that the students can venture into in order to make money while also studying. Multitasking will prepare you to for the harsher real world where multitalented people are looked upon. 


Is Sports Betting Gambling?

Do you enjoy jaguar 4d online like most of the online gamblers these days? There is a good chance you do or else, you won’t be here. Well, most of the gambling games are really exciting and interesting and this is even why a lot of people are hooked to this. 

Nevertheless, some people think that sports betting is not really gambling because for them, you don’t rely purely on luck when you bet for your favorite team. You will usually use your collected data or the previous performances of teams before you can decide which team to bet on. 

Is this your reasoning as well? Do you also believe that sports betting is not a gambling activity? Well, if you check online, it is still gambling. If you check the meaning of gambling online, you will find that it is when you play a game of chance for money. Betting on the other hand is the same. You bet so your money will double, or you get more money the moment you win. And the game that you bet on, might have used their skills to win, but you, being the bettor, are not using any skill at all. We can say that you still rely on luck like you cannot completely say that your calculations are concrete. 

Yes, if you are betting on something, it is still gambling and thus, if you believe that gambling is not a good thing, then betting is not a good thing as well. However, it does not mean that because you join in this kind of activity, you are outright bad. Nope, that is not the case really and besides, being human, we are allowed of allowances. You only need to make sure that you will never be hooked in betting games as this can still drain your hard-earned money. 

You see, we all know that there are now so many gambling addicts and because sports betting is still a form of gambling, you can say that there is still that chance you will be hooked. While you are still not in this phase, you should be alert. 

Yes, sports betting is without a doubt, quite in trend. Thus, you have to be careful so as you will not get addicted. You should treat this activity as something for fun only and should be done when you don’t have more important things to do. For more articles like this one, click here.


Why study Executive Secretariat?

The executive secretary or directional secretary is a person who works as an administrative assistant for a senior executive. Generally, this is not an entry-level secretarial position. Typically, this job will require many years of experience as a secretary for predominantly senior officials. The job duties of an executive secretary can extend those of a traditional secretary. Although experience can be a contributing factor, some employers may require a college education to obtain this position.

High school graduation is usually the minimum level of education required to work as an executive secretary. Since the field of executive secretaries can be competitive, earning a college degree can give us a little head start in landing a job. Some people may choose to pursue a secretarial degree, while others may opt for a bachelor’s degree. Many people seeking this position as a career can enroll in a business-related college program, such as Business Administration, Finance, or Accounting among others.

In most cases, the executive secretary is the right hand of a senior executive in a company or establishment. The secretary or secretary is very often the driving force behind the scenes, ensuring that the business runs smoothly on a day-to-day basis. Secretaries must perform many tasks, some of the most common functions may include letters or emails written on behalf of their boss, as well as taking messages and errands among other things. In addition, the secretary can provide administrative support to other department managers.

Do you want to be an executive secretary?

The Executive Secretariat is an excellent option for those who wish to work as secretaries, assistants and administrators in both private and public companies. Students generally choose this option looking for a quick response to their job gap to start working in an industry that allows them to pay for another type of career, although there are also those who decide to work in this field their entire lives. It is an alternative chosen by both men and women.

Although the Widad secretarial management course programs vary greatly from institution to institution, in general they are divided into four large modules that cover a business area, a public relations area, an administrative area and a computer area, so that future Secretaries have a comprehensive training that allows them to choose between different sectors.

Laura dictates the career of Executive Secretary with legal orientation, aimed at people who want to work in the courts or in law firms. Next, he tells us a little more about this alternative. For more articles such as this one, click here.


Things You Can Do With Your Smartphones

Having too much free time can be a little too boring for a person. When you are either on your long school holidays, college semester breaks or even on your weekend off days, you might wonder what are the activities you can do in passing the time that does not seem to be moving a second. In the world of gadgets and technology that seem to be everyone’s favorite things to surround themselves with, you can make use of what you have to fill in your time wisely. When you are on your mobile and smartphones, you can do a wonderful amount of stuff with it.


The first thing that you can do with your smartphones during your free time is to do online shopping. When you have nothing else better to do, the best thing is to window shop and then proceed to doing the shopping. With online shopping that you can easily access at the tip of your fingers, you can get the whole world shipped to your specific location. When online shopping, you can buy so many things ranging from groceries to clothes to basic needs and even things you never know you needed such as kitchen appliances. With the presence of a smartphone and a boring you, there are so many things that you can buy. By buying online, you should know that you are mostly helping those small business owners to get their stocks running. One of the many reasons why people do both offline and online selling is to popularize their products. By buying from them, at the same time we are helping them to make a living. Is it not a great way of living?

Another thing you can do with your smartphones is to play online games. When you are super bored and have done almost all physical activities you can find around the house, why not take a breather and sit down while playing online games on your gadget? There are so many wide ranging games that are specifically made for mobile phone users. One of the most recommended online games is scr888. In this game, you will find another huge variety of game types that come with it. You can even get your money worth afterwards when you play vigorously. 

You can also do journaling on your smartphones at this rate. Commonly known as online journaling, you can easily access editing applications and also do collages on most softwares. Some of us are super interested in writing down their daily stories and jotting down self-reflection but not a lot of us have the extreme motivation to grab a pen and glide through the paper pages. When this is not the thing you aim for, you should try another alternative which is by doing online journaling. Everything is digitally done these days and your journals can be one too. It is even more fun to do it digitally as there are more colour choices and you can simply transfer photos you like to use from Google to your phone storage. 

For more articles, you can click here


General and particular objectives of the postgraduate program

The student will be able to distinguish, analyze and evaluate the healthy physical condition during the development of each individual, depending on their characteristics; as well as the indications and contraindications of the prescription of exercise and the effects that the latter produces on your quality of life.

The student will be able to analyze, design and implement physical education programs using curricular planning and pedagogical practices oriented to different levels of education.

The student will be able to identify and associate the phases of the administrative process in the development of their profession for the organization of sports events, sports projects and programs, evaluation of sports entities, among others.

The student will be able to distinguish, relate and assess the physiological and psycho-pedagogical aspects that govern sports training in order to recognize the functional capacity of the individual to improve their sports results.

Admission profile

The candidate for the master’s degree in physical activity and sport must have training at the sports and physical activity degree level, as well as the knowledge that justifies their admission due to the relationship between their academic and professional training with the offered master’s degree.

They must also have experience in physical education, management, promotion and practice of a sport or physical activity.

They will show an adequate command of their mother tongue in oral and written form. Orally it will show coherence, fluency and correctness, in writing it will show unity, clarity and cohesion demonstrated in an adequate wording as well as understanding and analysis of information and mastery of new technologies.

You must have attitudes such as: open disposition to work, responsibility, commitment, desire for personal improvement, concern to respond to social and labor problems.

Graduate profile

A professional who acts with social relevance and transformational sense in the various areas of high performance sports, school physical education, health promotion and sports management, through a humanistic, integrative and complex vision for the design, application and evaluation of intervention programs that enable better interactions of man with physical culture.

Widad college set their own admission requirements for higher education courses, so they vary widely. Depending on the course, the graduate student may be able to advance to higher education with a number of requirements. If you’re applying to do a college course, it is possible that work experience is taken into account along with any qualifications you may have. Some institutes and colleges offer foundation years in preparation for a certain degree. In general, they don’t give rise to different criteria, since they simply qualify you to enter the degree itself. Foundation years aren’t available to all careers, however.

The academic study of sport tends to focus on the physical, strategic and business aspects of sport, thus preparing students to manage sports organizations, train teams, or teach or guide physical education in schools or for athletes. For more articles like this one, click here.


Potential Analysis Of Islamic Banking

The fact that Islamic laws prohibit paying or receiving interest does not imply that they prohibit earning money or encourage a return to an economy based solely on cash or barter. They encourage all parties to a transaction to share the risk and the profit or loss. One can compare the depositors of Islamic banks to investors or shareholders, who receive dividends when the bank makes a profit or lose part of their savings when it suffers a loss. The principle is to link the yield of the Islamic contract to the productivity and quality of the project, to ensure a more equitable distribution of wealth. (Islamic finance course)

The regulation and control of Islamic finance

Undoubtedly, one of the biggest problems is to create a framework for the management, control and regulation of Islamic banks. First of all, countries where there are Islamic banks do not all have the same approach. According to one of the two main approaches – applied by the authorities in Malaysia and Yemen, for example – Islamic banks should be subject to a regime of central bank supervision and regulation entirely different from that applied to banks. The second recognizes the special character of Islamic banking activities, but prefers to place them under the same regime of central bank control and regulation as for conventional banks, with slight modifications and special guidelines which are usually formalized by circulars from the central bank. Bahrain and Qatar are examples of countries that apply the latter form of control and regulation.

Several countries and institutions like Diploma pengurusan maklumat have adopted the accounting standards, which complement those of international financial reporting standards. The IFSB aims to facilitate the development of a prudent and transparent Islamic financial services industry and advises on the supervision and regulation of institutions that offer Islamic financial products. The IFSB has recently developed standards on the level of capital required and risk management and is advancing in the design of standards on the governance of institutions. When these international standards are developed and accepted, they will help supervisors verify the soundness, stability and integrity of Islamic financial institutions. 

The adoption of a common position on certain instruments would contribute to the development of Islamic finance and strengthen its competitiveness in the world. For example, several issues relating to speculation and the use of derivatives will need to be resolved for a true Islamic stock market to function. While arbitrage and short selling are not acceptable under Sharia law, other transactions are in practice subject to various interpretations. For example, transactions that involve buying and selling debt contracts on the secondary market are only permitted in Malaysia.

Read here for more articles.